Hi everyone. In is video where we're going to talk about composition. Let's take a look at some basics of composition and how to create good composition by using simple shapes. Let's first begin by looking at the definition of composition. Composition can be defined as a thing composed of various elements, the action of putting things together, the way in which a whole or mixture is made up, and as Plato, the old Greek philosopher would put, composition is the representation of variety within the unity. Basically, composition is the combination of several elements you have available to you within a definite boundary. And speaking of boundaries, you should always work within a definite shape, within a definite boundary, be it a rectangle, a square, a circle, whatever. But if you sketch on a surface without any definite boundaries, you're just doodling. It's just a loose sketch and you're not relating the parts to the whole. Let's begin by thinking about simple shapes within a rectangular boundary. Let's begin with a simple triangle centered into our frame. This is the most extreme example of unity. We don't have anything to contrast with this triangle. We don't have any kind of unbalance because of the position of the triangle so we have a static composition. Let's gradually begin to introduce a little bit of variety. So, if we think about different shapes, this is actually the extreme example of variety. A lot of different shapes not a single repetition, so, they don't have any kind of relationship with each other in terms of size, in terms of shape, in terms of angles, so this is a classic extreme example of variety. Now, let's go see the repetition as a composing unit. If we have for example several triangles such as these, so this is a little bit better, we have a little bit of variety because we create different spaces but also, it's still a little bit boring because it's the same sized triangle over and over. So, there's a little bit more variety but there's still a lot of unity. We need to balance a little bit better unity and variety to have a good composition. We can change a little bit the sizes of the triangles so we can have a different feel for our composition. And now we have different spaces between the shapes, between different triangles. We have a different set up by combining two triangles into one so we have a little bit of a broken triangle, so to speak, so we have a little bit more of a variety and we can have even more if we change the proportions of these triangles. Now, some of them are more spiky, some of them are really wide and some are small so we have a variety but we still have a lot of unity because we are only dealing with triangles. But this composition feels a lot better and we are only dealing with one single shape. Let's take a look at how we can introduce even more variety without breaking the unity. We can change the tones. So we can have lighter triangles, slightly darker triangles and the black triangles and now not only we have variety in shapes, size, position, proportions, but we also have a little bit of change in tone which also gives us depth. We are not obliged however to use only triangles, we have different triangles here which already gives us a lot of unity and a lot of variety because we've changed a little bit of aspects of these triangles, but we can start introducing other shapes. Following the same principles, we have this broken rectangle, actually the corners of this rectangle are broken so, it's the same shape but we are following the same principles of difference in size and difference in position. And you can see that now with this rectangles in the front and the triangles in the back, we have a hint of an environment, we have depths, and now we have a background with what could be trees or mountains or whatever you want them to be. But we have variety, we have unity, we have depth. So all this was built with simple shapes within a boundary. So this is the power of composition. Think about your shapes, think about unity, think about variety, think about balancing both and then by combining the several elements taking this principles of unity and variety into account, you can have great compositions in your scenes. Thanks for watching this video and I see you all on the next one.